Obey God and leave all the consequences to him.
Although redaction criticism is seen by some scholars as the most recent of the three disciplines about how the New Testament scriptures came to formation, in particular, what resources did biblical writers of the gospel use to support their theological positions about the person of work of Jesus as the Christ, the act of redacting sacred and specifically biblical texts is nothing new. Royal houses commonly had script writers, especially as nation states in Africa grew. As tribal communities grew to organized central governments where one of the requirements for office was the ability to read and write and understand the hieroglyphic and hieractic systems. Understanding this reading and writing system qualified them for government work as scribes who worked for the pharoah. Although the discipline of redaction criticism is dated after World War post Germany, the concerned with the interaction between an inherited tradition and a later interpretive point of view is, in my opinion, that redacting sources of material has long been a tradition since early man and woman invented the first writing system. Its goal are to understand why the items from the tradition were modified and connected as they were, to identify the theological motifs that were at work in composing a finished Gospel, and to elucidate the theological point of view which is expressed in and through the gospel narrative (Perrin). In other words, redaction criticism, as it relates to sacred text entails why an author chose certain materials materials to make point of view.
The people who populated ancient Egypt were not born there, they came from the Nile Valley High Culture…a river civilization or cultural highway that already mastered so much of what we today call our sciences. Any attempt to alter this fact is being disingenuious to this pre-dyanstic ancient population group. The first Egyptians can only be seen through the eyes of its’ frescoes (art renditions/or paintings) seen in pharaonic tombs of the first six dynastic periods, where people were employed in agriculture, skilled trades, mercenaries, and even slaves who had legal rights, unlike in later times when slaves did not have this consideration. These were the people who traversed from one region of the continent to another. Remember, they were all on one continental land mass, so the disimilarities and differences were not as portrayed in their artwork. When foreigners first arrived in the delta Mediterranean area (Upper Egypt) was born, that Upper Egypt region was the southern part of ancient Egypt and a rival kingdom to Lower Egypt until Menes united the two kingdoms in about 3100 BC where the Old Kingdom developed.
The period of Egyptian rule began immediatly following the Archaic Dynasty ( Early Dynastic Period) from about 2613 BC to 2160 BC. The Second Intermediate Period rule in Egypt began in 1652 BC to 1567 BC during which time the Egyptians were ruled by Asiatics who came from the Seychelles Islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagasscar. (?)
“Neuroscience was actually born from the womb of Kemetic Egyptian neuroanatomy. By the 18th Dynasty, there were thousands of medical papyri used in the medical “houses of life” or ankh which became the model for later Greek medical practice (Ghalioungui, 1971; Breasted, 1984). Indeed due to the necessity for both battlefield trauma medicine and the elaborate process of mummification a great deal was known about human anatomy (Finch, 1990). Sadly enough of the thousands of medical texts written, only 10 have come down to us, of which the Edwin Smith and “Ebbers papyrua are the most well known. The Edwin Smith “medical” papyrus is actually a surgical treatise and a copy of a much older papyrus dating back centuries and covers only the head and neck. The other parts of the text unfortunately are lost to history. It details some 50 specific anatomical sites in the face, neck and cranium alone. The Kemetic Egyptians were well aware of the cerebral gyruses and the meninges of the brain, the dura matter, pia mater and arachnoid along with certain injury related behavioral expressions in clinical practice. They were also aware of the crucial importance of the cerebrospinal fluid that bathes the brain, the inner mid-brain regions and the spinal cord (Finch, 1990). Kemetic medical anatomy identified well over 200 clinical sites oif which almost 100 are located in this surviving text. Even after the geopolitical and military fall of Kemit it remained the graduate school of the ancient western world for the Greeks and Romans. As Homer said in the Odyessey, “In medical knowledge, Egypt leaves the rest of the world behind”. It was not until the 19th century that the amount and detail of such knowledge was surpassed in Europe. In this sense, neuroscience has been a living part of medicine and psychology from the earliest eras of African civilization and underlies much of contemporary medical practice (Bynum, 2012).
On a average, the sun daily sends to earth 10.15th power kWh (one quadrillion kilowatt-hours), that is to say, a quantity of energy comparable to the sum total of all the energy resources in oil, coal, uranium and natural gas at present known to exist on our planet. Each square kilometer on which the sun shines each day gets a quantity of energy equivalent to that of an ordinary atominc bomb. However topical atomic energy may be, scientist agree that solar is that of the future, since it will last as long as there is sun.
1 Heliovalaics-power plants.
2. Sources: thermonuclear, solar, geotherman=what we have already
3. Hydro-electricity, nuclear fission, as opposed to nuclear fusion
4. Nuclear fission
5. Nuclear fusion
Solar Energy can be utilized in a direct form
Solar energy can be utilized in an indirect form by exploring solar cells made of semiconductors (Silicon, geranium, etc)…Home electrical energy can now be supplied directly by the sun and soon solar panels will be mass produced. Man is no longer slave to oversized machinery.
…costs of silicon surfaces; solar energy does not appear to be any cheaper than hydroelectrical power at present, but it remains a prime future energy source.
(pg.41)..territories on either side of the tropics might be ideal for solar installations. Sahara, Libya, all the Sudanese zone as far as Ethiopia and the large part of the southern African regions.
(Diop…African Federated State?(?)
- Focus of the Blog
This blog is a logical extention of my recently published book, Being Church Behind Prison Walls: Survival Theology, Prisoners and Policymakers.
Faith is indeed a Mystery experience, but mystery is not spooky. Mystery is “the felt presence of God (Paul Tillich). So this blog seeks to define, explain and locate historical facts with this wonderful thing we call life. My initial blog will set the foundations of what is to come later which I call my Black Biblical Timeline. And when I use the term “Black” I am referring to the pigmentation according to the Gloger Law of ecology. The Gloger law will be explained later in this blog series. So the mystery of God is no more than the presence of God in the human mind which absorbs life as it spins, revolves and rotates energized by the Black Hole which seemingly keeps us all alive, spinning and resurrecting ourselves second by second. I find this experience awesome.
Anthropology informs us that early man began in the region of the Naratunga Mountains in the highlands of Ethiopia where it is humid and warm…the perfect place to probably evolve from the gorilla phenotype, but early humankind Blacks were not gorillas or apes. Early man possessed spirituality so it is safe to acknowledge from human paleontological evidence that they invented what we now call “religion”.
The rules of ecology (Gloger, Shelford, Bergman, Allen) deal mainly with the extremities of nature as seen in the polar opposites in Africa’s equatorial Africa where human life began. Of all the classical ecological views of ecology, only Gloger deals directly with melanin as opposed to others anthropologists.
In 1833, Dr. Gloger wrote about his observations on the regularities that occur between the pigmentaion of feathers and furs and the relationship of these colors to the geograpical are in which the animals lived. He found that the darkest forms of a species or subspecies and race occur in hot, humid areas of the equatorial region.
Gloger’s Rule is an ecogeoographical rule (law) which states that within a species of endotherms, more pigmented forms tend to be found in more humid environments, e.g. near the equator.
Zoologist Constantine Wilhelm Gloger, first remarked upon this phenomenon in 1833. The research conducted in humanistic paleontology is paramount in understanding what this blog is about. Egyptologist Cheikh Ante Diop is helpful on this important point. He writes:
“The research conducted in humanistic paleontology, particularly by the late Dr. Louis Leaky, has helped to place the birthplace of humanity in East Africa’s Great Lakes region, around the Omo Valley. Two ramifications that have not been sufficiently emphasized until now have come to light as a result of this research.
- Humankind born around the Great lakes region, almost on the equator, is necessarily pigmented and Black; the Gloger Laws calls for warm-blooded animals to be pigmented in a hot and humid climate.
- All the other races derive from the Black race by a more or less direct filiation, and other continents were populated from Africa at the Homo erectus and Homo sapiens stages, 150,000 years ago. The old theories that used to state the Blacks came from somewhere else are now invalid”.
WORKS CITED/BIBLIOGRAPHY PARTIAL LISTING
- Dr. John McLean, Sunday School Teacher, Metropolitan Baptist Church, Detroit, MI; Retired Professor of Chemistry, University of Detroit
- Dr. Ben. The Need for a Black Bible.
- Geddes MacGregor’s A literary History of the Bible, etc. for a historical evaluation and detail of the facts so far disclosed
- Class notes from Colgate Rochester Divinity School, Rochester, New York
- Personal notes from Dr Leonard Jeffries lecture on “Religion and Survival”, New York City College
- Dr. John Henrik Clarke lecture notes, Clinton Correctional Facility, 1990
- Christopher Columbus and the African Holocaust, 1997
- “History of Christianity” by Dr. Robert Emptage, Ashland Theological Seminary. February 21, 1997
- John Jackson’s article on “The Moors“
- Ivan Van Sertima’s book, The Moors of Spain
- The Moorish Journal (Bey)
- The Egyptian Pyramids, by J.P. Lepre (McFarland Publishing)
- Cheikh Ante Diop’s Civilization or Barbarism, chapter 3, 16,17
- Dr. Russell Morton (Ashland Theological Seminary), “Short History of the Bible” in English up to the Translation of the Authorized King James Version
- Josephus, The Jewish Wars
- Joseph Fitzmeyer, A Christiological Cathechism
- Professor Gonzalez, History of Christianity(?)
- Cheikh Ante Diop, (China), pg. 52,54,131,142-3, 196-7, AMP state in , 136-37, 188,191-2, revolutionin 9th c AD, 139,143-7, 393. Civilization or Barbarism
- Norman Perrin, What is Redaction Criticism?
- Leonardo Boff, Ecclesiogenesis: Base Communities reinvent the Church
- Kenneth Cauthen, “Prayer, Providence and the Problem of Evil” lecture series, Colgate Rochester Divinity School (1985)
- The Rape of the Nile, by Brian Fagan
- Egypt: Length of the World, by Gerald Massey 2 vol.
- Natural Genesis
- Who is this King of Glory?
- Shadow of the Third Century
- The Lost Christianity
- History of East Africa, by Basil Davidson
- The Negro in Colonial America
- Destruction of Black Civilization, by Chancellor Williams
- Ancient and Modern Britons, by Ben Isma-El Tribe
- The Indians of North America, by John McIntosh
- Philosophy of History by Edward Chaldoon
- The Ruins of Civilization by Count C.F. Volney
- Black Who Died for Jesus, by Marc Hyman
- “Cruicifixion in Ancient Palestine, Qurman Literature, and the New Testament“, The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Vol.40, 1978. Joseph Fitzmeyer, S.J. The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064
- Islam and the early caliphs of Islam
- Chrisitianity, Islam and the Negro, by Edmund Blightman
- Enclyclopedia of Islam
- Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean
- ***When the prophet was born, half of Arabia was an Ethiopian colony****
- Pillars of Ethiopian History by WIlliam O. Hansberry (Chapter 4)
- The Mediterranean War in Ancient Times
- El Jahees (Barnes and Noble) 8th Century iraq. 10th-11th c. North Africa
- “Hard Times Among the Neanderthals” by Eric Trinkhaus and T.Dale Stewart: Natural History (December 1978). Authors aregued that the Neanderthal skeletal materials collected by coroners indicate that the bones “exhibited” a much greater number of violence inflicted injuries than any comparable number of bones from other groups of human ancestors…this proven Neanderthal aggression had been passed on to their modern European descendants. (Michael Bradley, pg. 4)
- Primordial Waters of Nun
- Amenta (Hourning, 1986, King, 1990)
- Principales, by St. Augustine
- Barbatos: The First Israel by Lionel Hutchinson
- Trial and Error by Cam Whitesman ChamberlainEurope
- Israel in Europe by William Katz; chapter called “The Jews in Spain”
- “South America had 16 synagogues..”Zionism and colonialism walked side by side. This is the heart and soul of what zionism has done. We don’t know the Bible. You forget what Moses’ relatives have done. Zionism is unique in its’ organization. The answer is pan africanism across all ethnic and religious lines. We need to make a priesthood focusing on the following departments: good shoes, clear water, farming, mechanics. We ought to make it a sainthood. We have to answer the enduring question abojut what we need to do to survive on this earth (Clarke)”.
Namoratunga is a burial site in northwestern Kenya, which according to authors B.M. and L.H. Robbins in their article, “Namoratunga: The first Archaeastronomical Evidence in Sub-Saharan Africa” (Science Vol.200, pp 766-768) has an alignment of 19 Basalt pillars that “are nonrandomly oriented toward certain stars and constellations that were used by modern Cushite peoples to calculate an accurate calendar” dating as far back as 300 BC. Namoratunga means stone people in the language of the local Turkana tribe. The significance of the Namoratunga site is that it suggests a detailed pre-historic calendar was in use based on astronomical observation by these people in eastern Africa. The Namoratunga burial site was the place where stellae was inserted into the ground to form certain sighr lines aligned with certain stars when they rose on the eastern and southeastern horizon some 2,330 years ago.
It is further noteworthy that all this was taking place in the Varunga Mountain range located in the highlands of Ethiopia as opposed to the low land evidenced by a relief map of the rainy terrain; where gorilla life predates the Australopithecus Africans some 3.5 million years ago; where the ancient man The highlands of Ethiopia is where civilization, not barbarism began…it is our Garden of Eden, our Holy Land, our Garden of Eden. Therefore the purpose of the Black Divinity timeline is enlightenment and realignment with the pulse of history. The falsification of history is what Dr. John Henrik Clarke calls a “crime against science”.
There is profound meaning in the inate intelligence of the universe process as it continously unfolds both in nature and people…always spinning, revolving and rotating…”the Dogon stars are not simply luminous bodies suspended in space. They have trajectories and weight, dimensions that are to be determined, like the direction of their course, their rays and their revolution’s period, as well as the effect of their radiance onhuman behavior (Diop, pg. 317).
God rules by creating creatures, by giving us the power to be and to act as free and responsible beings. God let’s us be, shares power with us.
God rules by setting limits. We are created and have our being in a context of structures and processess which act upon us and over which we have limited control. We are finite, subject to the vississitudes, contengencies, and accidents of natural and historical events which happens to us. We are born without being consulted , we die without our consent. We live within boundaries that are sosmetimes benign, sometimes threatening, sometimes predictable and sometimes precarious, but always limiting our powers od action and ability to manage and control.
God rules by implanting in us needs that cannot be met except as we cooperate with and support each other. Sexual drive and the desire for companionship create marriage and the family. The family is a community of mutual support in which basic physical, spiritual and moral needs are met. The state comes into being to fulfill needs that cannot be met by individuals acting alone. Other institutions come into being to facilitate the urge towards fulfillment of divinely implanted nees. The need to cooperate with each other, to create bonds of mutual support, creates organizations and institutions, laws and customs, which govern us and channels our powers of action in ways at bottome sonstitute a mode of divine action upon and within us.
God rules by judging us. The failure to create bonds of mutual support leads to deprivation , frustration, oppression and suffering. Our failure to be just creates disharmony, discontent, and disorder and tends to lead towards destruction of established orders. Evil tends to be self-destructive. Aggression and hatred tend to evoke defensiveness and hostility in return. Loving actions and just social structures cement harmony and tend towards constructive efforts and mutuality. Justice in society is like health in the body. Injustice is disease which is destructive. There is hardly ever a perfect coincidence of power and love which generates perfect justice, and unjustice and oppression frequently endure for intollerable periods. Hence, the justice of God is never fully estaablished and history is morally ambiguous. In many respects, life is not fair, but there is a ruling of GOd expressed in the tendency of injustice to provoke remedial action against oppressors in which the righteousness of God is vindicated.
God rules by the inspiration of the love in the cross of Jesus. (“The power of God is the worship He inspires” (Whitehead). The power of God is peculiary expressed in the powerlessness of Jesus on the Cross. It is the power of innocent suffering to turn us fronm our rebellious sinful ways by which God most receptively acts. This is the foolishness of the Cross; the fact that a powerless Christ has the power to save; that innocent suffereing can make the guilty whole.
God rules by implanting in all life a drive towards fulfillment with ressurection potential. There is in nlife both an urge towards satisfaction which tenaciously seeks its’ goal despite formidable obstacles and a power in life towards renewal despite repeated failure. Beyond crucifixion is resurrection, the reversal of reversal, the capacity of new life to spring fronm deat and even death. The resurrection of Christ is the symbol of the capacity for renewal depite defeat the is built into life with its’ tenacious urge to seek fulfillment of it’s potential, no matter what, despite everything. (Dr.Kenneth Cauthen, Class notes, “Prayer, Providence and the Problem of Evil, Colgate Rochester Divinity School, 1985)
NOTES: Africa and Asia continents were connected before the Suez Canal (Pangaea)
“Facts are stronger than arguments, more dependable than opinions, more profound than reasoning, silences disputes, supercedes predictions…facts end the arguments…” (Dr. Walter Williams)
***Word (of God) is Spirit, Intuition, Mother Wit, Cosmic Consciousness, the Mountain Top Experience (“I may not get there with you…(MLK)…***
Booker T. Coleman Notes: 5000 BC The Sahara is dried up. Mesopotania is Sumer (Sumerians)
Persia is Iran+Armedians
The Mediterranean World in Ancient Times (Eva Sanford, author)
“…the Roman Empire developed during the early age of Christianity…remember the Roman Empire started in Africa, it rose in Africa, it fell in Africa…a lot of people should stop reading so many religious books and read staight history” (Dr. John Henrik Clarke)
” The works of classical writers on Egypt and her Religion contain extremly valuable information, some of which is supported by native Egyptian texts. On the other hand, there are incorporated with such information many fantastic theories and imaginings which are not only unsupported, but are absolutely contradicted by the facts drawn from Egyptian monuments; Herodotus and others wrote down, no doubt, accurately enough, so far as they understood it, what they were told by Egyptian priests and by their well educated friends in Egypt, but it is quite clear by the construction which they put upon much of the information which they received, that they did not really understand the rudimentary principles of teh Egyptian Religion, or its’ primitive cults, or the nature of their symbolism. There is no evidence in their works they know of, or even suspected, the dexistence in it of the all embracing beliefs in the power of the great ancestral spirit, and in the resurrection of men in general and their immortality, which are the chief characteristics of the Egyptian Religion. And these writers had no knowledge of the details of the cult of Osiris, and of his history, such as we now possess (thanks to the texts of the VI dynasty, because they could not not read the native literature in Egypt. They can hardly be blamed for this, because it is certain that very few of teh Egyptian priest took the trouble to read and study it, and arrange systematically the facts of their Religion which were to be derived from their ancient writings. The confusion and contraditions which appear in the religious text were written under XXth and following dynaties prove beyond all doubt that the knowledge of the early dynastic Religion of Egypt possessed by the priests in general after, let us say, 1200 BC, was extremely vague and uncertain. Such being the case, the information which they could impart to cultivate and enquiring foreigners is almost useless of itself for historical investigations. Moreover, the characters, and men in general relied for salvation upon spells, incantations, magical figure, and amulets; only the wise clung to the beliefs of their ancestors. When Herodotus visited Egypt the knowledge of the Religion of the Ancient and Middle Empires had practically died out. (Osiris and the Egyptian Resurrection, by EA Budge)